A mechanic’s lien is a security interest in the title to property for the benefit of those who have supplied labor or materials for the property. The lien exists for both real and personal property. In the realm of real property, it is called construction lien. It is also called a materialman’s lien or supplier’s lien when referring to those supplying materials, a laborer’s lien when referring to those supplying labor, and a design professional’s lien when referring to architects or designers. The purpose of mechanic’s liens is to secure payment for services, labor and material on both personal and real property. The enforcement mechanisms differ depending on whether the involved property is real or personal.
However, the law of mechanic’s liens on real property governs the creation and enforcement of liens on items of personal property that have been attached to real property. Mechanic’s liens are enforced exclusively through court proceedings similar to mortgage foreclosures. The court will order the property sold and the proceeds of the sale applied to the liens in the order of their priority, after determining that the requirements of the statute have been met.